The gum tissue and jawbone should have a snug fit around the teeth. If gum disease is left untreated, then the supporting bone and tissue disintegrates and causes the gums to separate from the teeth. These “pockets” contain tartar and infection that can be difficult to heal without proper dental treatments. If left unchecked, the gum infections can cause tissue and bone loss, which wears away at the foundation needed to support your teeth.
Over time, the pockets of infection become deeper, creating a larger area where the bacteria can thrive. A pocket reduction surgery can be completed by folding back the gum tissue, then removing the infection. If the tooth root and bone surfaces are damaged, then they can be smoothed to encourage heathy re-attachment as the gums heal.