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What Is the Most Common Periodontal Disease?

Posted on 4/1/2024 by Andrew Admin
a close up of healthy gums and pearly teethGingivitis is the most common type of periodontal disease. It causes gingival irritation, redness, swelling, and bleeding. Gingivitis is very common because of poor care of the teeth and gums. According to the WHO, oral health neglect has led to increased cases of gingivitis, which affects nearly half of the world population.

What Causes Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is caused by the bacteria in plaques that form on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that forms when saliva mixes with leftover food particles in the mouth. Unfortunately, plaques attract bacteria, which affects the surrounding gum tissues.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

Healthy gums are always pale pink and fit tightly around the teeth without periodontal (gum) pockets. Infected gums are swollen because of bacteria infestation. Also, bright or dark red gums show signs of gum infection. The gums become sensitive and bleed during brushing. You might also notice an increase in bad mouth odor.

Who Are at the Highest Risk of Developing Gingivitis?

People who do not practice good oral hygiene can easily develop gingivitis due to tartar buildup. Smokers also develop gingivitis easily because smoking reduces the amount of oxygen in the bloodstream. Lack of enough oxygen hinders the ability to fight infections and heal the gums. On the other hand, pregnancy exposes women to gingivitis due to hormonal changes. Also, people with diabetes get gingivitis because the condition thickens the blood vessels, reducing the blood flow to body tissues. As such, gums and bones weaken.

Preventing Gingivitis

Brushing your teeth twice daily is a good oral care practice to prevent gingivitis because it removes food particles before they form plaque. Moreover, visit a dentist regularly for checkups and live a healthy lifestyle that includes healthy eating.

How Is Gingivitis Treated?

Professional cleaning done by dentists helps treat gingivitis. Professionals first use medications to kill the bacteria around the gum pockets. Afterward, they perform scaling procedures to cleanse the teeth.

Want to learn more about gingivitis and oral care? Consult our dentist for guidance on best oral care practices and treating or preventing gingivitis.

Glen Perio

2640 Patriot Blvd. Suite 140
Glenview, IL 60026
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